Roulette can be simply defined as a casino game played with a little wheel, a ball and a numbered board with different set of numbers printed in two colors, red and black. The only exception on the wheel is the Zero which comes with green color. Even the word Roulette is derived from French word that literally means a small wheel. The game play involves players placing their bets upon a single number, odd or even numbers, a range of numbers, colors along with high or low numbers.
Once the players have placed their bets, the croupier spins the wheel and releases the ball into the tilted circular track of the wheel. The ball eventually falls down into one of the thirty seven coloured and numbered slots on the wheel thus allowing the players to either win or lose.
Currently there are many references available on internet in relation to the origin of this game. These tales range from devil’s work to the scientific evolution of the game itself.
Some of the most interesting facts related to the origin and history of this “Queen of All the Casino Games” are presented here in this article.
A Product of Devil’s Workshop
For some of the people, not only gambling, but especially the game of Roulette itself seems to have a relation with the Satan. There is common legend about how devil himself created this game to attract men and women to his dark side. This tale is supported by a very bizarre explanation that if we add up all the numbers on the wheel starting from one and ending at thirty six then the sum total will come out as “666”. This number is considered to be one of the signs depicting the presence of dark lord in this world.
Though this legend can stand for single zero Roulette and can corroborate that the inventor of this game made a pact with the devil but what about American version of this game which came into existence at a much later time?
Brainchild of a Physicist
A game which has a unique design and comes with features such as odds, house edges and statistics can only be created by a man with a scientific aptitude. So you shouldn’t be surprised if you read somewhere that the creator of Roulette was a French physicists and Mathematician called Blaise Pascal. The only thing which is even more unexpected is that he was not trying to invent this game but trying to perform an experiment related with perpetual motion.
In the year 1655, Blaise Pascal wanted to invent a machine which can defy the physical barriers while achieving the perpetual motion without requiring any sort of energy from outside source. Even though his vision contradicted the laws of physics but being of scientific nature he wanted to defy the common knowledge of that time. In the end his experiment, as expected, failed and on the other hand he invented a process which later on became a central idea for the birth of the most popular casino game of this century.
Addition of a Zero
Even though Zero was discovered long before the invention of Roulette, but it did not existed on the wheel till the middle of the nineteenth century. The roulette wheel remained same since its inception by Blaise Pascal but in 1842 a new set of roulette wheel was designed by Francois and Lois Blanc for King Charles III of Monaco.
The idea behind addition of a single zero on the wheel was to provide a bigger house edge to the casino owned by the King Charles III.
Americans on the other hand are quite famous for creating their own inventions whether it is right hand drive, baseball, rugby or casino games. So in 1800 when Roulette reached the United States of America; they changed this game too by adding a double zero to the wheel. This created even bigger house edge for the casinos.